Examples of good practice for excavation work are listed below.
Avoid the need for anyone to go into an excavation.
Install excavation supports before anyone goes into an excavation.
Use methods that protect the person installing the support system.
Stop vehicles from coming too close (for example, use wheel stop blocks).
Provide a safe way to get in and out (such as a tied ladder).
Only work within the safety of the protected area on long open excavations (for example, within the confines of a drag box or trench supports).
Provide fall prevention around the excavation (for example, a handrail or extended trench sheets).
Put up barriers around the excavation, particularly where the public have access.
Provide lighting; excavations and the guarding around them should be lit during the hours of darkness or other periods of reduced natural light, particularly if the excavation is in a place where the public have access.